Doug Clow of the Open University has published a thoughtful and detailed blog post in response to the Course Signals effectiveness controversy. He covers far too much ground for me to attempt to summarize here, but I think there are some common themes emerging from the commentary so far:
- The concerns over the one study have not changed the fact that Course Signals and the researchers who have been studying it are generally held in high regard. They have some very strong intra-course results which have not been challenged by current re-analysis. Even on the research that is now being challenged, they made a good faith effort to follow best research practices and are exemplars in some respects. On a personal note, I know Kim Arnold (although I did not realize she was an author on the particular study in question until Doug mentioned it in his post) and, like Doug, I think very highly of her and have learned a lot from her about learning analytics over the years.
- That said, both the researchers and, especially, Purdue as an institution have an obligation to respond as promptly as is feasible to the challenge, in part because Purdue has chosen to license the technology in question and stands to make money based on these research claims (regardless of whether the researchers’ work was independent of the business deal). To be clear, nobody is accusing anyone of deliberately cooking the books. The point is simply that Purdue has an added ethical obligation as a consequence of the business deal.
- The larger problem is not so much with the Purdue work itself as it is with the fact that both pre- and post-publication peer review failed. This can happen, even in papers that get a lot more eyeballs than this one did; Mike Caulfield has aptly pointed to the widely influential Reinhart and Rogoff economics paper on the effects of debt on national economies which has been belatedly proven to be in error as an apt analogy. Nevertheless, any such failure should trigger some introspection within a field regarding whether we should be doing more to cultivate robust community-based exploration of these studies, of which peer review is a part.
I highly recommend reading Doug’s post in full.